Toothache is quite a common concern among individuals of all age groups. Regardless of whether it is a temporary or persistent pain lasting for several months, it is essential you visit a dentist at the earliest time to get it examined.
Sharp pain: Sometimes, you may experience acute pain when you consume anything hot or cold, or when you brush your teeth. Such pain is most often caused due to cavities, cracks on the teeth, or the exposed dental pulp from the root canal cavity. The dental pulp consists of thousands of nerve endings and blood vessels which are sensitive to unfavorable conditions. Worn out tooth surfaces, cavities due to decay, etc. can expose it to the microbes in the mouth, thereby putting it under risk.
Dull, persistent pain: If your pain lasts for several days at a time and fails to reduce even after taking pain-relieving medication, it could be due to an infection of the oral tissues. Underlying dormant cavities, gum diseases, root canal infections, etc. could be the reason behind such pain.
Patients usually resort to taking pain-relieving medication to reduce toothache. This may provide temporary relief from the pain, but it definitely isn't the long-term solution that you're looking for. Visit a dentist as soon as possible so that you can get it diagnosed and treated immediately.
The dentist will examine the teeth thoroughly and determine the cause behind it. Although the enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, it isn't immune to damage such as erosion, cracks, or even fracture. If the enamel has cracked, the dentist may disinfect it and place a veneer, crown, or dental filling on it. These restorations are made from tooth-colored material such as ceramic or composite resin. The restoration can be customized to match the appearance of the adjoining teeth so that it is indistinguishable. In some cases of damaged or worn out cementum (the part of the tooth that is the exposed root surface), the dentist will apply a topical varnish to cover and protect the exposed root surface.
In the case of a cavity, the dentist uses a dental handpiece to remove the decay and clean the tooth. A filling will then be placed and shaped. If the cavity is deep and has affected the dental pulp to cause a root canal infection, you may need root canal therapy. Various treatment options will be discussed with you before the dentist proceeds.